Shokulo is a traditional Kyrgyz women's headwear sewn in the shape of a cone. It is so beautiful that the bridegroom wears it on her parents' house before going to husbands. It used to be sewn from white felt, then wool was sewn in the middle, and the outside was sewn from red or purple, blue or blue-purple, green or green-purple.
It is made of various fabrics and bears the skins of beavers, foxes and marmots. Later they sewed velvet. The wings of parrots, pheasants, partridges, and owls are attached to the roof or sides. You can embroider jewelry top with jewelery.
Shokulo is a traditional headwear. It is traditionally passed on to subsequent sisters. So, three or four days later, the girl puts on her wedding dress and sends it to the bridegroom. This headwear is stored on a shelf in a yurt, or in a box.
There is also another form of shokulo. It should be cut from cardboard to a height of 35-40 cm, in addition to white cloth, red velvet and embroidered seedlings. In the past, the shores of the Shokulo were usually lined with beavers, but now they are often lined with mink, depending on the conditions.
It’s worn with a long white scarf. In the past, craftsmen also used the skins of leopards or pre-born calves on the shores of the shokulo. Thus, the presence of different skin types is, of course, related to the lifestyle of the house where the girl is married. The shoreline muskrat showed wealth.
Nowadays, there is a growing interest in wearing traditional attire to weddings. It is the duty of the youth to continue this good tradition.
The first information about the clothes of the ancient Kyrgyz can be found in Chinese sources dating back to the Tang Dynasty. According to the Tan-Shu dynastic inscriptions, Kyrgyz chiefs “wear a headwear-“kunduz tebetei” in winter and a gold-rimmed kalpak in summer. The rest wear felt hats-kalpak. These features of the Kyrgyz people were mainly preserved until the beginning of the 20th century.
The oldest men's headwear is a white felt kalpak. There are 2 types of it among our people. The top of the 1st kalpak has a small slit, and the 2nd kalpak has a slit. In the field of the second type of kalpak, black cloth is usually printed with velvet or leather. The first type is embroidered.
Kalpak is a folk kalpak that symbolizes Ala-Too. In making it, the wool is finely ground and beaten. After drying and re-baking the fermented wool, the chalk is sown over and over again, pressed again and again, and the felt is hardened.
The Kyrgyz kalpak is a comfortable light kalpak that protects from the sun in the heat and from the cold in the cold. However, the structures of the kalpak, each color and each pattern have a different meaning.
The kalpak is made up of 4 matching fields. Together, the 4 fields represent Ala-Too, where the Kyrgyz people have lived for a long time. Therefore, it gives a symbol of our homeland. The kalpak is made of white felt, which symbolizes its holiness and purity. The kalpak is an ancient headwear. The person who wears it is rooted in the history of their ancestors and is closely connected with the traditions and culture of their people. This is the sanctity of the headwear-kalpak.
A belt is a ceremonial item. A belt around the waist of an outer garment of the men. It is made of high-quality leather, about the size of a traditional belt, and is sewn to the waist. Depending on the design, they are divided into simple belts and silver belts.
The outer surface of the belt is embellished, and a wide box of iron is carved in various colors. The hem of the belt is made of iron and is shielded from other ornaments. It is surrounded by an iron hook. Silver is used in the decoration of wrought iron. Therefore, it is considered a silver belt.
This is done by "inking" (pouring the basket) and "stamping" (tracing) on the design.
There are several types of ornaments that are separate from the ornaments made of leather. Such a striking beauty belongs to the belt of the belt. It is four square rounds.
It is made of ferrous metal and coated with fine silver. The four heads are struck by a star-shaped bowl (a beautiful round ornament). In the middle of it, and pearls and precious stones were placed in it. It is surrounded by small silver chips.
The splendor and value of a belt varies depending on a person's dignity, social status, and place in society. Ornate belts are generally called belts. The main structure is made of silver and embossed with precious stones. The biggest advantage is its breadth and expensive splendor.
Köökör is a type of leather container that preserves the ancient Kyrgyz national drink. It was used to keep kymyz. To make it, the craftsmen made the skins of cows and camels and engraved the national symbol on the outside. It is also one of the most beautiful of these leather containers.
There are regional differences in the capture of kookor. For example, it would shave the skin of a freshly sheared cow and put it in a pot.
After three or four days, it will be very soft. After removing it from the pot, it is cut and sewn on that soft. It is filled with sand, and when it swells, it is decorated with a broken horn picture. The skin dries on the sand inside.
Camel skin is thick. After defrosting, it is usually shoveled. It sews the outer part of the skin, which is cut into bruises, separately, and the inner part of the flesh with a separate seam. After giving it a bluish texture, they put soil, sand, and often sand-mixed soil into the skin.
Craftsmen make different sizes of kookors. The largest is filled with six to eight liters of liquid, and the smallest with one and a half liters. Kookors are made in different shapes and decorated with different ornaments. The carvings or ornaments on it are mainly "curved", "horn", "dream", "half dream".
Most kookors have a narrow mouth, a long neck, a broad base, flat shoulders and shoulders. Jewelers embroidered silver, copper, bronze, and tin on the corners, shoulders, and neck of the kookor.
The fact that the kookor must be at the edge of the table and poured kymyz from it to the guests, it was a testament to the politeness and kindness of our people. It is also necessary to smoke once or twice a year, because it always maintains a strong condition. Today, kookors are used by our contemporaries as keychains and souvenirs.
Shoes are special for feet. In the epics "Manas" and "Semetei" there are many names of shoes such as blue individual, private, upuke, nakeri, purple maasy.
The boots are made of processed hides and skins. It is sewn with a whole belt. To be comfortable on the horse, the beak came in sharp and swayed less upwards.
The heel and ankle are thickened with a folded strap, the heel is made high, and a bell is placed in a specially made hole or cone on the front. He also wore a long robe and covered his knees. The back of the conch was cut diagonally to accommodate horseback riding and sitting.
The boots have long heels and are decorated with heels. It is not much different from the designs on many other items. The cobblers put a bell on the heel of the women's boots. As he walked, he made a faint sound.
It should be not only our duty, but also the integrity of our daily lives to pass on to future generations the sacred folk art of the past, the sacred gift of the past, the beauty of beauty.
Therefore, one of the most important requirements of our time is to study, read and study such valuable monuments, as well as to restore them and return them to the needs of the people.
One of the traditional headwear of the Kyrgyz men from ancient time. It is an indispensable part of the Kyrgyz winter headwear. It is a round headwear, usually made of marmots, lynxes, foxes, and beavers. Unlike other head wears, it is large in size.
The making of Tebetey.
The four fields of Tebetey are divided into four parts. The top is sewn with wool from not, velvet, sukno and other thick fabrics. The lower part of the steppe faces outwards and is covered with broad fur, mostly by foxes, and by the richest Kyrgyz, by thirsty, beaver fur.
According to fur, headwear’s are called fox tebetey, beaver tebetey, and gopher tebetey. The exterior of the Tebetey is decorated with different fabrics depending on the age and social status. For example, black and brown outerwear was suitable for the elderly, while light-colored outerwear such as green and blue was suitable for young people.
Let us briefly consider the Tebetey, who define wealth and power. A tebetey made of sheepskin was said to be worn, but it was worn by ordinary people in the cold of winter. But the respect of the common people, who were limited by their own economy, was like a blanket.
If the person has about 300 domestic animals, which had little prestige in the village, were worn by the virgins as foxes. And in every village it was possible to wear a thirsty tebetey to the experts and dignitaries. People who ruled in one region and had other prestige and power in other tribes wore beaver tebetey, but all of them were covered with black.
Among the Kyrgyz, the history of the people confirms that only a person who had reached the level of a khanate was allowed to wear a red cap, and Tebetey was called "Kyzyl Chok".
The Tebetey was worn not only by men but also by unmarried girls.
The outside of the girls' tebetey is lined with red manats and velvet fabrics, and an owl's wing is attached to the top of the tebetey to protect the girls from eye contact. Some simply sewed long hair. Sometimes it is decorated with jewelry such as beads and pearls. The girls' tebetey field was also cut higher. Men's tebeteys are decorated with a ball of charcoal. It is now widespread throughout Kyrgyzstan.
Zhapkak is the cover is a special ornament designed for the hunter to walk on the snow without scratching it. The wider the area occupied by the hunter's leg, the less pressure there was and the opportunity to stand on the snow. The zhapkak is five to six times the size of the sole of a hunter's shoe.
It looks like a sack that encloses with a drawstring. A person can tie his foot in the middle of his head. A trap is a hunting tool. Craftsmen often resorted to large traps, depending on the internal conditions of wild animals, such as wolves, leopards, bears, vultures, and goats. The catching place of such traps is so strong that two or three people can hardly walk. Craftsmen check the traps several times.
Its two are known from lines. In order to moisten the outer layer of the trap, the outer surface of the trap is held slightly in the flame of the trap, it is warmed, and the outer surface is rubbed with a dry cloth. According to the process of making soft metal, was supposed to be a time of partial burning.
Its line is made of 7 cm thin metal in its own size. The jaw is made of half steel. The product was usually made of wood. However, some craftsmen make iron because the fallen beast can chew it. He bends it, cuts it to size, and attaches it to his jaw.
The person who makes the trap also knows how to set it. This was also a great craft at the time of the trap. A village fed the people during the traps. The trap is usually made of white iron. The diameter of the trap is 0.2 dm. deepens.
Traps are set separately from predators to rodents. The iron trap consists of three parts: the jaw, the north, and the chin. In making this weapon, which is bestowed on wild beasts, the craftsman chooses its iron. It requires a box of iron on the north side of the collar and a sharp iron on the edges. It is made of steel and bounces like a spring.
The position of a line grinds iron. The thickness of the spring is three mm. Jump up an inch (10-15cm) when you hit the trap that has achieved the line. Its first watering will be hard. When the jaw is lined, it is heated to 15 degrees Celsius and watered with water. Then bends down with two tweezers to see if it has come into force. When the iron does not break, it is welded to water and cooled gently.
Irrigation is the concept of sharpening. The trap, which is watered without moving, is placed on the animals for a long time. It has one jaw and two jaws. Both jaws are very tight. He constantly puts it on wolves, bears and leopards. Foxes, marmots and rabbits are caught with one jaw trap. Both jaws put felt on the teeth of the trap.
Otherwise, the sharp snare will break the bones of the beasts and cut off the animal's legs. Therefore, hunters notice how the trap strikes. When trapping, there are rods, ashes, (round felt, which is to the north of the trap), chains, pegs, prostitutes. When a hole is made in the yarn and felt, the rod slips, and with the force of the jaw, the double spring moves and slaps.
Their measures the depth of the weapon by 0.2 jugs. They choose a 7 cm thin piece of iron and make a steel jaw the size of their own. Some traps are made of iron. Wooden sticks can be chewed by wolves. So he cuts it to size and fastens it to animals jaw.
The belt is the general name for the straps that fasten the belt to make it comfortable. Types of belts are made of leather and durable fabrics of different quality. A simple scarf and thread also serve as a belt. The most prestigious of the belts are the belt.